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DEHUMANTZATION                           33

centred within himself, disappears; he ceases to
be a being with a spiritual centre, retaining his
inner continuity and his unity. To the fractional
and partial elements of man there is offered not
only the right to autonomy, but to supremacy in
life. The self-assertion of these disunited ele-
ments in man, as, for instance, the non-sublimated
elements of the subconscious, sexual desire, or
the will to dominance and power, bear witness to
the fact that the unified, whole image of man is
disappearing and giving place to non-human and
natural elements. Man has disappeared; there
remain only certain of his functions.

This dissolution of man into certain functions
is the product, first of all, of technical civilisa-
tion. The process of dehumanization attains its
climax in the technique of modern war, where
human bravery is no longer necessary. Technical
civilization demands that man shall fulfil one or
another of his functions, but it does not want
to reckon with man himself—it knows only his
functions. This is not dissolving man in nature,
but making him into a machine. When civilized
man yearns for nature, he is longing to return to
wholeness and unconsciousness, since conscious-
ness has shaken his unity and made him unhappy.
This is romanticism. Klages is a good example
of this attitude. When man strives for complete
fulfilment of his technical functions, when he